I see that Infura uses Geth v1.9.9 for most networks. The latest Geth client is on v1.9.21.
There was a rather interesting bug that was fixed in Geth v1.9.13 regarding
eth_call of transactions with balance. Specifically, some instances of getting an account’s balance was extremely incorrect. The original issue can be found in Issue #16999 and the fix can be found in PR #20783.
I have seen this once before when using Infura and this StackExchange user just experienced it as well.
Is it possible to get the nodes updated to at least v1.9.13? It looks like your Goerli node is on v1.9.15. The reason I believe this is a slightly larger-than-normal problem because a number of developers use Remix, and Remix uses MetaMask, and I believe MetaMask uses Infura, which has the buggy version.